免疫印迹, 酶联免疫吸附测定, 免疫沉淀, 酶免疫法
TNF a Antibody; Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Mouse-Anti Human; TNF-alpha; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2; TNF-a; Cachectin; DIF; TNFA; TNFSF2
tumor necrosis factor; Tumor necrosis factor; tumor necrosis factor; APC1 protein; TNF, macrophage-derived; TNF, monocyte-derived; TNF-a; cachectin; tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2; tumor necrosis factor-alpha; tumor necrosis factor; Cachectin; TNF-alpha; Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2; TNF-a
1mg/ml in PBS (after reconstitution).
In lyophilized form, for long periods, store at 4 degree C in a dry environment. After reconstitution, if not intended for use within a month, aliquot and store at -20 degree C. Antibody is shipped lyophilized at ambient temperature.
ELISA (EIA), Western Blot (WB), Immunoprecipitation (IP), Intracellular Staining
Direct ELISA, Western Blot, Immunoprecipitation, Intracellular staining. In direct ELISA, using alkaline phosphatase goat anti-mouse Ig (Jackson Laboratories) 1:10,000 dilution will yield 0.7 O.D within 10 minutes.
Reconstitution: Reconstitute with sterile H20. Mix gently, wash the sides of the vial and wait 30-60 seconds before use. Note: This antibody will bind very well to protein A in a buffer (PBS) containing high salt concentration (3M Nacl). Immunogen: r.Human TNF-a.
Introduction: Tumor necrosis factor is a cytokineinvolved in systemic inflammationand is a member of a group of cytokines that all stimulate the acute phase reaction. TNF is mainly secreted by macrophages. TNF causes apoptoticcell death, cellular proliferation, differentiation, inflammation, tumorigenesisand viral replication, TNF is also involved in lipid metabolism, and coagulation. TNF's primary role is in the regulation of immune cells.Dysregulation and, in particular, overproduction of TNF have been implicated in a variety of human diseases- autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer.
NCBI GI登录号 :
Adipocytokine Signaling Pathway (83093); Adipocytokine Signaling Pathway (505); Adipogenesis Pathway (198832); African Trypanosomiasis Pathway (194384); African Trypanosomiasis Pathway (194323); AhR Pathway (755436); Allograft Rejection Pathway (920963); Allograft Rejection Pathway (83123); Allograft Rejection Pathway (535); Alzheimer's Disease Pathway (83097)
This gene encodes a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. This cytokine is mainly secreted by macrophages. It can bind to, and thus functions through its receptors TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. This cytokine is involved in the regulation of a wide spectrum of biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and coagulation. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Knockout studies in mice also suggested the neuroprotective function of this cytokine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
TNF-a: Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation. Homotrimer. Interacts with SPPL2B. Belongs to the tumor necrosis factor family. Protein type: Membrane protein, integral; Motility/polarity/chemotaxis; Apoptosis; Cytokine. Chromosomal Location of Human Ortholog: 6p21.3. Cellular Component: extracellular space; recycling endosome; cell surface; integral to plasma membrane; plasma membrane; extracellular region; phagocytic cup; external side of plasma membrane; lipid raft. Molecular Function: identical protein binding; protein binding; protease binding; cytokine activity; tumor necrosis factor receptor binding. Biological Process: positive regulation of JNK activity; extracellular matrix organization and biogenesis; positive regulation of nitric oxide biosynthetic process; positive regulation of NFAT protein import into nucleus; positive regulation of apoptosis; activation of MAPK activity; positive regulation of osteoclast differentiation; positive regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; response to glucocorticoid stimulus; positive regulation of caspase activity; positive regulation of NF-kappaB import into nucleus; osteoclast differentiation; positive regulation of translational initiation by iron; positive regulation of membrane protein ectodomain proteolysis; activation of NF-kappaB transcription factor; positive regulation of MAP kinase activity; tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling pathway; positive regulation of phagocytosis; negative regulation of interleukin-6 production; JNK cascade; negative regulation of osteoblast differentiation; positive regulation of action potential; embryonic gut development; regulation of immunoglobulin secretion; negative regulation of protein complex disassembly; response to drug; positive regulation of cytokine production; positive regulation of heterotypic cell-cell adhesion; positive regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; positive regulation of mitosis; response to virus; glucose metabolic process; positive regulation of interleukin-6 production; positive regulation of interleukin-8 biosynthetic process; negative regulation of fat cell differentiation; positive regulation of chemokine production; negative regulation of cytokine secretion during immune response; positive regulation of protein transport; detection of mechanical stimulus involved in sensory perception of pain; cell activation; defense response to Gram-positive bacterium; induction of apoptosis via death domain receptors; DNA damage response, signal transduction resulting in induction of apoptosis; positive regulation of transcription factor activity; positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; response to activity; negative regulation of L-glutamate transport; negative regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent; skeletal muscle contraction; sequestering of triacylglycerol; positive regulation of smooth muscle cell proliferation; negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter; positive regulation of interleukin-18 production; chronic inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus; response to salt stress; positive regulation of synaptic transmission; positive regulation of hair follicle development; negative regulation of cell proliferation; response to radiation; negative regulation of lipid catabolic process; positive regulation of neuron apoptosis; protein kinase B signaling cascade; lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway; positive regulation of chronic inflammatory response to antigenic stimulus; regulation of I-kappaB kinase/NF-kappaB cascade; inflammatory response; caspase activation; positive regulation of humoral immune response mediated by circulating immunoglobulin; positive regulation of protein complex disassembly; transformed cell apoptosis; MAPKKK cascade; calcium-mediated signaling; positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation; humoral immune response; positive regulation of protein kinase B signaling cascade; positive regulation of programmed cell death; positive regulation of interferon-gamma production; negative regulation of glucose import; positive regulation of chemokine biosynthetic process; positive regulation of protein complex assembly; negative regulation of viral genome replication; protein import into nucleus, translocation; positive regulation of protein kinase activity; response to hypoxia; positive regulation of fever; activation of MAPKKK activity; receptor biosynthetic process; positive regulation of protein amino acid phosphorylation; negative regulation of myoblast differentiation; leukocyte tethering or rolling; regulation of insulin secretion; positive regulation of cytokine secretion. Disease: Asthma, Susceptibility To; Migraine With Or Without Aura, Susceptibility To, 1; Malaria, Susceptibility To
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